苏永华,毛克明,梁 斌,付 雄,贺 炜.基于峰后特征的深部隧道围岩分层断裂数值分析[J].湖南大学学报:自然科学版,2014,41(9):79~85
基于峰后特征的深部隧道围岩分层断裂数值分析
Numerical Analysis of the Layered Fracture within Surrounding Rock in Deep Tunnel Based on Post-brittleness
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  深部隧道  分层断裂  应变软化  峰后脆性  力学机制
英文关键词:deep-buried tunnel  layered fracture  strain-softening  peak-brittleness of rock  mechanical-mechanism
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作者单位
苏永华,毛克明,梁 斌,付 雄,贺 炜 (1.湖南大学 土木工程学院湖南 长沙 410082
2.长沙理工大学 土木与建筑学院湖南 长沙 410114) 
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中文摘要:
      为了揭示深部隧道工程围岩的分层断裂机理而展开数值实验研究.分析了深部地层岩体历史及赋存环境,认为深部岩体在力学上处于峰后阶段,根据岩石峰后应力应变特征选定了围岩的峰后特征指标及其开挖响应方程.建立了数值实验模型,设计了开挖数值模拟的围岩响应监控方案.完成了大量的开挖数值模拟,实现了深部围岩分层断裂现象在数值模拟中的重现.基于实验中围岩应力、变形分布的全程监测结果,在确定围岩分层断裂产生条件的基础上,进一步研究得到了围岩分层断裂层数、分层断裂圈半径、最大峰值应力等参数与峰后特征指标的关系.根据地下结构开挖围岩应力重分布及岩石力学破裂机理,分析了分层断裂中次生自由面、多重似开挖面形成的力学机制.所得数值模拟结果,为深部工程围岩的分层断裂提供了验证依据,消解了长期以来数值模拟中没有观察到分层断裂现象的困惑.
英文摘要:
      Numerical simulation research has been conducted in order to reveal the mechanism of the layered fracture within surrounding rock in deep-buried tunnel.Analysis of the history of the rock mass and its environment suggests that the mechanism of the deep rock mass was located in the post-peak stage, the post-peak characteristic indexes and the excavation response equations were selected based on the post-peak stress-strain characters of rock mass.A numerical model was established, a monitoring scheme of surrounding rock response was designed which was caused by excavation, and a fair amount of excavation was completed by numerical simulation method, and the phenomenon of layered fracture within surrounding rock was reproduced in the numerical simulation.According to the monitoring results about the rock stress and deformation distribution from the experiment, and based on the critical conditions under which the layered fracture in surrounding rock was emerged, the relationship of the fracture layer number of surrounding rock, the radius of layered fracture zone and the maximum peak stress with the post-peak characteristic indexes were studied.Based on the surrounding rock stress redistribution related to the excavation of underground structure and the fracture mechanism of rock mechanics, this paper analyzed the mechanical mechanism of the formation of secondary free-surface and multiple excavation surface.The numerical results provide the basis for the layered fracture in deep surrounding rock, and the confusion about the unobserved phenomena of layered fracture in numerical simulation is also eliminated.
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