罗晓群,张锦东,张晋,徐洪俊,张其林?覮.铝合金单层球面网壳结构阻尼特性[J].湖南大学学报:自然科学版,2020,(7):84~92
铝合金单层球面网壳结构阻尼特性
Damping Characteristics of Aluminum Alloy Single Layer Spherical Latticed Shell
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  铝合金  单层球面网壳  板式节点  解析模态分解  模态振动测试  阻尼比
英文关键词:aluminum alloys  single layer spherical latticed shells  plate-type gusset joints  analytical modal decomposition  modal vibration testing  damping ratio
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作者单位
罗晓群,张锦东,张晋,徐洪俊,张其林?覮 (同济大学 土木工程学院上海 200092) 
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中文摘要:
      通过现场实测对铝合金板式节点单层球面网壳结构的阻尼比进行了分析研究. 针对一平面尺寸45 m×45 m,矢高2.86 m的铝合金板式节点单层球面网壳结构,设计了11种工况,通过现场实测采集了160条人工激励下的节点加速度自由衰减振动信号以及6条环境激励下的节点加速度振动信号,采用解析模态分解法(AMD)结合希尔伯特变换识别结构的自振频率和阻尼比. 对所得数据进行分析,建议铝合金板式节点单层球面网壳的结构阻尼比取4%. 运用实测阻尼比数据建立有限元模型分析结构动力响应,对应实测节点加速度响应曲线和有限元计算得到的响应曲线吻合较好,所测得阻尼值可为现行规范修订提供依据,为结构动力分析与工程设计提供参考.
英文摘要:
      The damping ratio on aluminum alloy single layer spherical reticulated shells with plate-type joints was studied by field measurement. For an aluminum alloy spherical latticed shell with a planar dimension of 45m×45m and a rise of 2.86m, a total of 11 test cases were planned and 160 acceleration damped free vibration signals were collected on site under human-induced excitations as well as 6 vibration signals under environmental excitations. Using the method of analytical modal decomposition (AMD) combined with the Hilbert transform, natural frequencies and modal damping ratio of the structure were identified. Statistic studies were carried out and an average damping ratio of 4% was suggested for this kind of structures. Finite element (FE) models were established using the suggested damping ratio, and the nodal dynamic responses given by numerical analysis showed good consistency with those given by the tests. The damping ratio given here could give a basis for the revision of the current code and provide a reference for the structural dynamic analysis and engineering design.
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