冀伟1?覮,孙斌2,白倩1,罗奎1.长期荷载作用下钢-混凝土组合梁的挠度计算与分析[J].湖南大学学报:自然科学版,2021,(7):51~60
长期荷载作用下钢-混凝土组合梁的挠度计算与分析
Calculation and Analysis of Deflection for Steel-concreteComposite Girder under Long-term Loads
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  钢-混组合梁  收缩徐变  长期性能  层间滑移  挠度分析
英文关键词:steel-concrete composite girder  shrinkage and creep  long-term behavior  interfacial slip  deflection analysis
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作者单位
冀伟1?覮,孙斌2,白倩1,罗奎1 (1. 兰州交通大学 土木工程学院甘肃 兰州 7300702. 重庆市铁路集团有限公司重庆401120) 
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中文摘要:
      为科学合理计算钢-混组合梁在长期荷载作用下的挠度,综合考虑钢梁与混凝土桥面板层间滑移效应、钢-混组合梁全截面剪切变形及混凝土桥面板收缩徐变的影响,运用能量变分法推导出钢-混组合梁挠度计算的控制微分方程. 引入均布荷载作用下简支和两跨连续钢-混组合梁的自然边界条件,求解出了钢-混组合梁在这两种边界条件下的挠度计算公式. 计算公式的可靠性得到了实测值和有限元值的验证. 研究结果表明:考虑剪切变形与层间滑移后,两跨连续钢-混组合梁跨中最大挠度计算值相对于初等梁理论增大37.4%,而同时考虑混凝土收缩徐变后其挠度计算值增大58%;简支钢-混组合梁考虑混凝土的收缩徐变后挠度计算值相对于初等梁理论增大1.55倍,可见混凝土的收缩徐变效应对钢-混组合梁的挠度影响较大. 研究成果可为实际工程中钢-混组合梁在长期荷载作用下的挠度计算提供理论依据.
英文摘要:
      In order to accurately calculate the deflection of steel-concrete composite girders under long-term loads,considering the shear deformation of composite girder,slip effect at the steel-concrete interface and shrinkage and creep of the concrete slab,the equilibrium differential equations for calculating the deflections of steel-concrete composite girder are derived by using the energy variational method. By introducing the boundary conditions on the simply supported and continuous composite girders under uniformly distributed load,the deflection calculation formulas can be obtained. The reliability of the calculation formulas is verified by comparing the experimental results and the results of finite element analyses. The results show that maximum deflection of two-span continuous composite girder considering shear deformation and interlayer slip increases by 37.4% when compared with the results from primary beam theory,and the deflection increases by 58% after considering the shrinkage and creep of concrete. The calculated maximum deflection of simply supported composite girder after considering the shrinkage and creep of concrete is 1.55 times larger than that of the primary beam theory. It can be seen that shrinkage and creep can have a significant influence on the girder's deflection. The research results can provide a theoretical basis for the deflection calculation of steel-concrete composite girders under the long-term loads.
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