路承功1,魏智强2,乔宏霞1,3?覮,李刊1,李琼1,乔国斌1.基于Wiener随机过程地下腐蚀环境中 钢筋混凝土耐久性寿命预测[J].湖南大学学报:自然科学版,2021,(7):119~128
基于Wiener随机过程地下腐蚀环境中 钢筋混凝土耐久性寿命预测
Prediction of Durability Life of Reinforced Concrete under Underground Corrosion Environment Based on Wiener Random Process
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  Wiener随机过程  耐久性  钢筋混凝土  硫酸盐腐蚀  氯盐腐蚀  寿命预测
英文关键词:Wiener stochastic process  durability  reinforced concrete  sulfate attack  chloride corrosion  life prediction
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作者单位
路承功1,魏智强2,乔宏霞1,3?覮,李刊1,李琼1,乔国斌1 (1. 兰州理工大学 土木工程学院甘肃 兰州730050 2. 兰州理工大学 省部共建有色金属先进加工与再利用国家重点实验室甘肃 兰州730050 3. 兰州理工大学 西部土木工程防灾减灾教育部工程研究中心甘肃 兰州730050) 
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中文摘要:
      根据兰州地铁沿线站台地下水和土壤中所含腐蚀离子配置含有SO2-4、Cl-、Mg2+的4种复合盐溶液,将钢筋混凝土试件置于复合盐溶液中,每隔90 d通过电化学工作站及超声声速检测仪进行无损检测,利用非单调Wiener随机退化过程,以相对动弹性模量值达到0.4时作为混凝土失效破坏条件,以混凝土裂缝开展宽度达到0.2 mm时的腐蚀电流密度作为混凝土中钢筋的失效阈值,进而建立钢筋混凝土耐久性寿命预测模型. 研究结果表明:复合盐溶液环境下,极化曲线整体向腐蚀电流密度增大和负电位方向移动,交流阻抗图谱呈现双容抗弧,初始时刻低频区阻抗弧半径大,斜率高,腐蚀周期增加,低频阻抗弧半径逐渐减小并向阻抗实部收缩,阻抗谱逐渐左移. 裂缝宽度到达0.2 mm时腐蚀电流密度的失效阈值为7.637 5 μA/cm2,基于Wiener随机过程模型可以很好地反映钢筋混凝土在腐蚀环境中耐久性寿命变化. 钢筋和混凝土寿命曲线均呈现出三阶段变化特点,钢筋寿命曲线第一阶段持续时间更长,第二阶段加速退化速率更快. 通过Wiener随机过程得到钢筋的寿命小于混凝土寿命,在A、B、C、D四种溶液中的寿命分别约为7 200 d、2 900 d、4 500 d及2 000 d,而混凝土在4种溶液中的寿命分别约为10 000 d、6 500 d、5 500 d及5 000 d. 且钢筋寿命对氯盐的敏感性大,而混凝土寿命对硫酸盐的敏感性大.
英文摘要:
      According to the corrosion ions in the groundwater and soil of the platforms along Lanzhou metro,four kinds of compound salt solutions containing SO2-4,Cl-,and Mg2+ were prepared. The reinforced concrete specimens were placed in the compound salt solution,and nondestructive testing was conducted every 90 days by an electrochemical workstation and ultrasonic sound velocity detector. A durability life prediction model of reinforced concrete was established by using a non-monotone Wiener stochastic degradation process. When the relative dynamic modulus of elasticity reached 0.4,it was regarded as the failure condition of concrete,and when the crack width reached 0.2 mm,the corrosion current density was used as the failure threshold of reinforcement in concrete. The results show that,under the coupled salt solution environment,the polarization curve moves towards the direction of increasing corrosion current density and negative potential. The ac impedance spectrum shows a double capacitive reactance arc. At the initial moment,the low-frequency impedance arc radius is large,the slope is high,and the corrosion cycle increases. The low-frequency impedance arc radius gradually decreases and shrinks to the real part of the impedance,and the impedance spectrum gradually shifts to the left. When corrosive ions enter the concrete,cementitious materials are consumed,and expansion products are produced. When the crack width reaches 0.2 mm,the failure threshold of the corrosion current density is 7.637 5 μA/cm2. The life of steel bars is less than that of concrete through Wiener random process. The life of steel bars is about 7 200 days,2 900 days,4 500 days,and 2 000 days,respectively,in A,B,C,and D solutions,while the life of concrete in the solutions is about 10 000 days,6 500 days,5 500 days,and 5 000 days,respectively. Moreover,the life of steel bars is more sensitive to chloride,while the life of concrete is more sensitive to sulfate.
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