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摆动缸式油气悬挂系统动态特性参数敏感性分析
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Parameter Sensitivity Analysis of Dynamic Characteristics of Swing-cylinder Hydro-pneumatic Suspension System
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    摘要:

    为研究摆动缸式油气悬挂自身参数变化对履带车辆中“负重轮-悬挂-簧载质量”系统的影响,在典型工况下,对该系统的动态响应特征展开参数敏感性分析. 结合油气悬挂的结构特征建立机械-液压耦合的动力学模型,并应用试验台架测试结果评价该模型的有效性. 选取摆动缸式油气悬挂的关键参数,分析其刚度与阻尼特性随关键参数的变化趋势,并在脉冲激励工况下分析上述参数变化对油气悬挂系统动态响应行为的影响. 结果表明:油气悬挂刚度在悬挂变形量不大时受蓄能器内气体初始体积的影响较大,在悬挂压缩变形较大时受油气悬挂定位角的影响较大;簧载质量垂向加速度与负重轮动载荷在低频时受蓄能器初始气体体积影响最大,在高频时受阻尼阀孔截面积影响最大;悬挂动行程受关键参数的影响趋势与之相反.

    Abstract:

    In order to investigate the influence of the parameters of the swing-cylinder hydro-pneumatic suspension (HPS) on the “load wheel - suspension - sprung mass” system, a parameter sensitivity analysis on the dynamic response characteristics of the system was conducted under typical working conditions. The mechanical-hydraulic coupled dynamic model was built according to the structural characteristics of the HPS, and then it was verified with the comparison of the results obtained by simulation and experiments from the test rig. The key parameters of the HPS were selected to study their influence on the variation trend of the stiffness and damping characteristics of the suspension, after that their impacts on the dynamic response behavior of the HPS system were investigated under bump excitation. The results show that the stiffness of HPS system is greatly influenced by the initial gas volume of the accumulator when suspension deflection is small,while the position angle of the hydraulic suspension affects most when suspension deflection becomes large at compression travel; the vertical acceleration at the center-of-gravity of the sprung mass and the wheel load are most affected by the initial gas volume of the accumulator at low frequencies and it is most affected by the cross-section area of the damping valve at high frequencies; the suspension deflection is affected by these parameters in a reverse trend.

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陈盛钊?覮,戴巨川, 张舟钧禹, 凌启辉, 陈哲吾.摆动缸式油气悬挂系统动态特性参数敏感性分析[J].湖南大学学报:自然科学版,2021,(12):10~18

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  • 在线发布日期: 2022-01-12
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